عنوان مقاله [English]
Recently, climate change in Iran, such as rising temperature and reduced rainfall, has reduced at least 15% of agricultural production. Wheat is one of the most widely used agricultural strategic products and has significant importance in food security in Iran and many countries in the world, which has the ability to be cultivated in warm and dry climates. According to agricultural statistics of Fars province, about 10%
of the agricultural sector of the country is supplied from this province and has the second rank of wheat production among the provinces of the country. This research aims to study the land-use planning as well as integrated wheat supply chain network from producer to consumer for the Fars province. The proposed mathematical model involves choices for producers, silos, flour mills, and consumers. In the first step, land suitability for wheat cultivation has been evaluated using rain fed method in Fars province and wheat producers are used as model inputs. This is done by checking the geographic layers of Fars province. These layers are studying climatic, soil and topographic data in the geographical area of Fars province. The addition of information layers in the GIS environment using multivariable decision analysis tools finally led to the preparation of a map showing suitable agricultural units for wheat production. These results are used as inputs in the supply chain. The introduction of information layers in the GIS environment using the VIKOR-based multi-criteria decision analysis tool leads to a map showing the proper agricultural units of wheat. The results of this study showed that about 32% of the area of Fars province was in the first and second places of land suitability for wheat cultivation. It was also revealed that the most susceptible areas were scattered in the western and
northwestern parts of Fars province.