عنوان مقاله [English]
Herzbergs dual factors (Motivation-Hygiene) theory is one of the most comprehensive motivational theories, which defines motivation factors in two categories. Herzberg believes that hygiene factors decrease employee dissatisfaction and motivation factors increase their satisfaction. In this article, it was attempted to study job motivation factors in the Oil and Energy Industrial Development Company, based on Herzbergs dual factors (Motivation-Hygiene) theory. The conclusion of this study is: 1- In the majority units of the organization, the average of the hygiene factor is lower than the average of the motivation factors; hence according to the Hertzberg theory, one can conclude that there is a situation of dissatisfaction in the organization. 2- In the technical, planning and control project, the financial and engineering units, respectively, have a lower average in motivation and hygiene factors; and the marketing and contract units, respectively, have a higher average in motivation and hygiene factors. 3- In proposing a measurement model for motivation factors, it can be concluded that growth and advancement, recognition and job interest are the most important motivation factors and, in proposing a measurement model for hygiene factors, it can be concluded that equity, organizational policy and rules, supervision and salary are the most important hygiene factors. 4- The result also shows that individual personalities do not affect motivation and hygiene factors. 5- Equity can also be considered a hygiene factor of the Hertzberg theory.