عنوان مقاله [English]
The maintenance process is one of the most necessary processes in every organization, whose main task is to maintain machines in desired conditions or restore machines from non-optimal (non-operational) to optimal (operational)
conditions. Machine failure results in the loss of availability time of machines and an increase in organizational costs. It increases the time of production causing irreparable damage to the company. Therefore, improving process performance and, as a result, improving the maintenance process, has been considered by many experts.
In this paper, first we calculate the maintenance index, such as, Mean Time Between Failure, Mean Time To repair, and Mean Time To Failure. Calculating this index is undertaken by using two approaches; time of
declaration and time of repair. Then, we calculate reliability, and availability in time units for 3 machines: a 250 ton hydraulic, a 65 ton press and a heckert type. By checking the routine of failure in the past
(during the first 8 months of 1388) and forecasting the following 4 months, it is seen that this failure follows an exponential distribution using the chi-square test. In addition, we proposed a new model for reasons behind
machine failure, in which the greatest emphasis is on the major delays not due to repair. Also, we used this model to find the rate of delay for more important machines in the system. Finally, a table is created to explain the
total rate of units for the delay factor at Mahd Khodro Fesharaki Company. The greatest effect is the lack of commitment of contractors, management weakness of the maintenance unit, and financial issues. It should be noted that the goal of this paper is to identify weakness and delay factors, so a solution is proposed for improving these delay factors and weaknesses.