عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study was designed to identify and rank factors that influence the privatization process of Iranian gas refining companies, in three stages, with the help of Delphi and DEMATEL techniques and the Analytic Network Process approach. Extracting factors affecting the privatization process, addressed in the literature of the subject, along with the Delphi survey of experts, led to the verification of factors that influence the privatization process of Iranian gas refining industries. Based on the findings of this study, based on the Delphi technique, the experts have identified a total of 39 key factors in the privatization of gas refining companies.Subsequently, using DEMATEL techniques, the influential factors extracted by the experts in the previous stage prioritized a structure based on graph theory.Accordingly, the relationships between the factors and the severity of the impact and their mutual interaction are among the results. Based on these results, cohesion and harmony among all political sections in the privatization process from legislation to implementation and supervision, has the highest impact factor and legal supervision as a factor to reform and reinforce the market and to support healthy economic activities without threatening and undermining it has the highest impressibility factor. Finally, using the Analytic Network Process approach, the end results of the ranking of factors influencing improvements in the privatization process of Iranian gas refining industries are obtained. Respectively, the political, economic, legal, management and administrative, technical and technological, social and cultural, international and institutional aspects are prioritized. In addition to the main aspects, associated sub-indexes have also been prioritized.