عنوان مقاله [English]
There are many different theories which help us gain knowledge about organizations and their management states. Each of them
help us see a particular organization from a different point of view. So, one can say that each theory has a metaphor as its
building block. This article is focused on developing a method to quantify ``reading'' organizations through metaphors.
Metaphors have been discussed much in management literature, but there are only a few studies available trying to gratify
metaphors in order to measure the degree of its accordance with an organization. In order to deepen knowledge about organizations through metaphors, several stages have to be passed; first an initial reading of the organization under study is needed. The organization is analyzed through each metaphor, then, the main metaphor, which best describes the nature of the organization, is selected. Some auxiliary metaphors are also needed to help one get a full understanding, from different points of view, of the organization under study. A storyline is made, based on these metaphors. This storyline shows the best position of the organization and the way to achieve it. This article is mainly focused on developing a checklist for each metaphor to assess the organization through it. These checklists have been developed for three metaphors: ``machine'', ``organization'' and ``brain'' and have been tested on two IT-based organizations.