عنوان مقاله [English]
In almost all societies, information technologies have caused the accumulation and interaction of knowledge to be increasingly reshaped, with significant ramifications affecting the processes of acquisition and dissemination of knowledge. Accordingly, universities and other educational institutions, as the main agents of the production and communication of science, will need to be gradually modified or readjusted. Hence, establishing virtual niversities, aimed at the realization of e-learning, is a challenging issue, upon which higher education managers and uthorities should concentrate more seriously. To attain this objective, certain preparatory aspects need to be materialized in various areas as a necessary precondition; systemically referred to as e-learning readiness or simply ase-readiness. Assessing the capabilities of the educational system for the uccessful ntroduction and mplementation of e-learning programs is of paramount importance towards achieving the goals of national higher education.To serve the above purpose, this survey attempts to propose a proper framework for strengthening existing capabilities and identifying possible deficits. As such, the first part of the paper elaborates on an appropriate model developed for assessing the e-learning readiness of Iranian higher education institutions, based on comparative studies, as well as national expert views. The designed model encompasses fourteen main aspects for assessing the status of each university against the background of a virtual education environment.This aspect includes: educational policies, administration, standards, content, rules and regulations, financial resources, human resources, culture, security, hardwareequipment, communication network, logistics, supervision and coordination. It is noteworthy that the proposed model has been objectively tailored, in accordance with the particular features and local characteristics of the country, and has eventually been applied and tested against a real ituation in one of the most prestigious national universities for complementary studies. Thus, it is assumed to be flexibly adaptable and safely advisable to be practically applied for assessing e-learning readiness in all universities country wide.