نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشکدهی کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشکدهی مهندسی صنایع و مواد، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر
3 دانشکدهی مهندسی صنایع و مواد، دانشگاه صنعتی سجاد
4 دانشکدهی مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
عنوان مقاله [English]
In an Iranian household, the bread basket indicates its importance in family health and economics. Therefore, the subject of producing bread with desirable quality has always been considered by different governmental programs and plans. In this regard, the low quality of bread, the high rate of loss and low productivity in traditional bakeries are main challenges in this industry. As a consequence of executing supportive government plans, in recent years, many construction permits were issued, but few of them succeeded. Many factors could be obstacles in the desirable development of mechanized bakeries. Furthermore, traditional bread is considered the most important and the cheapest food in the Iranian diet. While the quality of this food has a great impact on public health, its waste can also be viewed as a major economic challenge. Different solutions have been provided to improve the quality of bread and thus reduce its waste. Among them, we can point out the development of mechanized bakeries. Due to the great importance of the bread industry, it is essential to achieve a unique perspective to provide solutions, and design policies in line with the intended objectives. Also, a shared view in all organizations and relevant bodies should be provided. This research studies the barriers of the start-up and growth of mechanized bakeries. In this study, seven main obstacles are identified using expert studies, interviews and expert opinion in the public and private sector, including managers and practitioners in associations, federations and the managers of small, medium and large bakery businesses. This paper analyzes effective financial factors in the system of the Iranian bread industry using system dynamics. Considering the limitations, such as the large number of variables from different areas, these effects have been analyzed. Consequently, the development of mechanized bakeries, as a main solution for increasing the performance indicators of the bread industry, has been considered.